Vomiting

E-GUIDER | April 14, 2017 | Children Health,Family health,Health care

VOMITING

   Many people, especially children, have an occasional ‘stomach upset’ with vomiting. Often no cause can be found. There may be mild stomach or gut ache or fever. This kimd of simple vomiting usually is not serious and clears up by itself. 

   Vomiting is one of the signs of many different problems, some minor and some quit serious, so it is important to examine the person carefully. Vomiting often comes from a problem in the stomach or guts, such as: an infection (diarrhea), poisoning from spoiled food or ‘acute abdomen’ (for example, appendicitis or something blocking the gut. Also, almost any sickness with high fever or severe pain may cause vomiting, especially malaria, hepatitis, tonsillitis, earache, meningitis, urinary infection, gallbladder pain or migraine headache. 

DANGER SIGNS WITH VOMITING__Seek medical help quickly! 

  • Dehydration that increases and that you cannot control. 
  • Severe vomiting that lasts more than 24 hours. 
  • Voilent vomiting, especially if vomit is dark green, brown, or smells like feces (signs of gut obstruction). 
  • Constant pain in the gut, especially if the person cannot defecate (shit) or if you cannot hear gurgles when you put your ear to the belly  (acute abdomen: obstruction, appendicitis…). 
  • Vomiting of blood (ulcer, cirrhosis)

TO HELP CONTROL SIMPLE VOMITING:

  • Eat nothing while vomiting is severe. 
  • Sip a cola drink or ginger ale. Some herbal teas, like camomile, may also help. 
  • For dehydration, give small frequent sips of cola, tea, or Rehydration Drink. 
  • If vomiting does not stop, use a vomit-control medicine like promethazine or diphenhydramine. 

   Most of these medicines come in pills, syrups, injections, and suppositories (soft pills you push up the anus). Tablets or syrup can also be put up the anus. Grind up the tablet in a little water. Put it in with an enema set or syringe without a needle. 

  

   When taken by mouth, the medicine should be swallowed for 5 minutes. Never give more than the recommended dose. Do not give a second dose until dehydration has been corrected and the person has begun to urinate. If severe vomiting and diarrhea make medication by mouth or anus impossible, give an injection of 1 of these vomit_control medicines. Promethazine may work best. Take Care not to give too much. 


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