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Persons with diabetes have too much sugar in their blood. This can start when a person is young (juvenile diabetes) or older (adult diabetes). It is usually more serious in young people, and they need special medical (insulin) to control it.
But it is most common in people over age 40 who eat too much and get fat.
Early signs of diabetes:
Later, more serious signs:
All these signs may be caused by other diseases. In order to find out whether a person has diabetes, test her urine to see if there is sugar in it. One way to test the urine is to taste it. If it tastes sweet to you, have 2 other persons taste it. Have them also taste the urin of 3 other people. If everyone agrees that the same person’s urine is sweeter, she is probably diabetic. (CAUTION: Do not taste urine if there is any change she has AIDS. )
Another way of testing urine is to use special paper strips (for example, Uristix). If these change color when dipped in the urine, it has sugar in it.
When a person gets diabetes after 40 years old, it can often be best controlled without medicines, by eating correctly. The diabetic person’s diet is very important and must be followed carefully for life.
The diabetic diet:
Fat people with diabetes should loss weight until their weight is normal. Diabetes must not eat any sugar or sweets, or foods that taste sweet. It is important for them to eat lots of high-fiber foods, such as whole grain breads. But diabetics should also eat some other starchy foods, like beans, rice, and potatoes, and alson foods high in protein.
Diabetes in adult can sometimes be helped by drinking the sap of the prickly peer cactus (nopal, Opuntia). To prepare, cut the cactus into small pieces and crush them squeeze out the liquid. Drink 1&half cups of the liquid 3 times each day before meals.
To prevent infection and injury to the skin, clean the teeth after eating, keep the skin clean, and always wear shoes to prevent foot injuries. For poor circulation in the feet (dark color, numbness), rest often with the feet up. Follow the same recommendations as for varicose veins.